Open project: Discover Iran, Sanandaj and Kurdistan

Posted: 2016-01-06
Written by: EU Network
Category: Adventures
Tagged: sanandaj kurdistan iran

Editor's note: we begin series of publications in the cultural diplomacy field, dedicated the modern Iranian and Middle-east cultures to reveal mysteries and break stereotypes. The materials are prepared with the cooperation with people who really live in the area and willing to share their photos, stories and ideas. Today we will discover Kurdish province in the heart of Iran and it's capital - Sanandaj.





Kurdistan Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran, not to be confused with the greater geographical area of Iranian Kurdistan.

Comment from the Sanandaj citizen: "The gray area in the picture show the places that have all people kurdish and the near areas actualy have kurdi people but with another nations.
Actualy there is no Kurdistan country and it just show the all Kurdish areas that divided between 4 counry Iran, Turkey, Syria and Iraq.
Did you know that in the Syria only Kurdish people has been fighted against ISIS from the first war until now? Most of them are muslim but there is no racism and we(historicaly) respect to all relegios and nations."

Kurdish language

The most important part of every culture and country is the language. People in the Province Kurdistan speak wo of them such a different that most of lingustic sicences count them as special langauges.

The History of Kurdish Language

The unprejudiced academics that study Kurdish history are united in the view that the Kurds are an ancient race. The Kurds have lived for many thousands of year’s -even longer than written documentation can reflect-in a land that has been described as the 'cradle of human civilisation'. We need only think of Jewish and Islamic mythology, which designates Mount Judi (Cudi) in Kurdistan as the resting place of Noah's ark ); we know from history that in the land of the Kurds and its surrounding territories numerous advanced civilisations existed, such as that of Mesopotamia, of the Hittites, the Hurrites; the Karduchi, the Mittanis, the Parthians, and the Sassanids.
Additionally, many of the world's major religions have found their place in the land of' the Kurds, such as, for example, Mithraism (the Cult of the Sun), Mazdaism (Zoroastrianism), mystery religions, Judaism, Christianity, Manichaeism, and Islam. Even today in Kurdistan one finds a large number of Kurdo-syncretic religious communities (3) such as the Ezidi, Kakayi (Yarsan or Ali-Haqq, or 'People of Truth'), Alevi, Shabak, Sarayi, Bajwan, Haqqa, etc., all of whom bear witness to the fact that the Kurds are the heirs of a vastly rich cultural heritage. 

Quote about Kurdish language

"As I have noted before, the Kurdish nation will converge via a unified Kurdish language. The prerequisite of a unified Kurdish language is a unified Kurdish alphabet. This means that the Kurdish scholars and the literati need to develop a writing system that allows all speakers hailing from every Kurdish dialect to use that writing system."
Jeladet Alí Bedir Xan, Hawar, hejh 9, 1932


The Kurds at first resisted the Islamic invasion during the seventh century AD. They gave in after the Islamic victory near the modern-day Iraqi city of Sulaimaniya in AD 643. Most Kurds are now Sunni Muslims (a branch of Islam). About one-fifth are Shi'ite Muslims, most of whom live in Iran.
Many Kurds belong to Sufi (Islam mystic) brotherhoods. They meet to chant and dance together to worship Allah. The Sufi brotherhoods are very important in Kurdish village life. There are about 1 million Kurdish 'Alawis (a secretive faith based on and distinct from Islam) in Turkey, and 40,000 to 70,000 Yazidis mostly in Armenia and Azerbaijan. Yazidism is a small religion that combines aspects of Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. A very few Kurds are Christian.

Sanandaj today

1.Central mosq of the Sanandaj
2. 5. View of Pasdaran Street to Azadi field
6. Custom men clothes
7. "Standard Park"
Aleksey Vesyoliy, based on the materials from Sanandaj for the


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